Tuberculosis is a contagious disease caused by bacterial infection. A person normally has some defense against the bacteria, but when the body is wea
Tuberculosis is a contagious disease caused by bacterial infection. A person normally has some defense against the bacteria, but when the body is weakened or rundown, its susceptibility to infection is increased. Tuberculosis usually affects the lungs, but it may also involve other organs and tissues.
Many tuberculosis patients may exhibit mild symptoms from which they recover completely. This usually means that the body has successfully controlled. The bacteria. Mild symptoms of the disease include fatigue and appetite and weight loss. As the disease becomes more severe, symptoms include fever, increased perspiration, and rapid loss of weight and strength. Coughing up blood is often the first indication of a severe form of the disease.
A tuberculosis patient should be isolated in a hospital for treatment during the contagious state. Antibiotics, adequate rest, and proper diet comprise the most effective therapy for tuberculosis.
Because malnutrition makes an individual more susceptible to tuberculosis, a patient is often treated with a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet. Supplementation with vitamin A is necessary because the patient is less able to convert carotene to vitamin A. Vitamin C may also be deficient in the tuberculosis patient, thus additional intake may be necessary. Extra vitamin D is needed for the absorption of additional calcium, which the patient needs in order to form a case, or wall, around the invading bacteria. If the patient and the necessary vitamins and minerals will help a person maintain his ideal weight and thus help prevent tuberculosis from recurring.